“Dr. V” and a Story That Went Awry


Last week, a story on Grantland, an ESPN sports blog, attracted a great deal of attention for the way in which it handled its main source and for its controversial reporting. On January 15, Caleb Hannan posted an article that he had been working on for months on a new type of putter (see above) designed by a “mysterious” former aeronautical physicist turned inventor named Dr. Essay Anne Vanderbilt, or “Dr. V,” who committed suicide during the course of Hannan’s information gathering. (Vanderbilt died in October and Hannan’s piece was first published last week.) In Hannan’s reporting on the revolutionary putter, he revealed that Vanderbilt was transgender, having been born in 1953 as Stephen Krol, and that she had faked her academic credentials (reported to be degrees from MIT and the University of Pennsylvania).

The backlash to Hannan’s piece was immediate and harsh. On Slate.com, Josh Levin wrote that “Dr. V was a con artist and a trans woman. Hannan conflate[d] those two facts, as if they both represent[ed] a form of deceit.” Marc Tracy, a writer for New Republic, wrote: “This was a reporter entering a story with fundamentally flawed, not to mention bigoted, premises and letting those premises guide his reporting and his writing—a problem magnified since Hannan and his reporting are an essential part of the story.” To be clear, as Hannan noted early in his piece, Vanderbilt agreed to work with him on the condition that he maintain her anonymity, so that “our discussion and any subsequent article about her putter focus[ed] on the science and not the scientist.” Yesterday, Grantland Editor-in-Chief Bill Simmons posted a lengthy apology as a way of  explaining what had happened.

After learning that her credentials had been faked, Hannan must have felt some responsibility to share what he learned. In the days before her suicide he had apparently let her know that he felt compelled to report the facts, possibly including what he learned about her gender. Of course, we’ll never know how Hannan might have influenced Vanderbilt’s suicide. At the very least, this story demonstrates the fine line that journalists must walk during their information gathering. They must continually determine what facts are germane to a story, while at the same time being sensitive to the physical and/or emotional needs of their sources. What do you think?

Thanks to our alum Mick Forgey for the tip!

Sources: Grantland.com, NewRepublic.com, Slate.com, TheVerge.com

Update (January 27, 2014): Thanks to my colleague, Dave Reed, who shared with me this wonderfully written assessment of the story from ESPN’s Ombudsman, Robert Lipsyte. In it, Lipsyte thoughtfully covers the case and discusses the feasibility of different options.

4 thoughts on ““Dr. V” and a Story That Went Awry

  1. Sad story, I had not heard of this until now. From what I can determine from reading your post, Caleb Hannan’s piece was supposed to be about how Dr. V invented a revolutionary putter. Mr. Hannan felt the need to scrutinize the inventor – and I don’t know if he tried rationalizing his actions by claiming his readers deserved to know the truth. I can see why he would feel justified to report on the fact the inventor faked her academic credentials. But Dr. V specifically asked to remain anonymous. In the end, a person died…possibly because of an article that was supposed to be about a putter. Such a shame.

  2. The backlash wasn’t immediate, in fact it came 3 days later. Con and lie you have to deal with the consequences.

  3. I think it really comes down to knowing what kind of information is ethical to share and how to treat your source, especially if you enter into an agreement to allow anonymity. These decisions not only impact your immediate source, but also whether sources will trust you, as a reporter, in the future.

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